The COURAGE (Cybercrime and CyberterrOrism (E)Uropean Research Agenda) project aimed to identify challenges and research gaps in order to develop and facilitate practical research approaches in accordance to real-world needs. The Consortium was comprised of 17 members that delivered a cohesive Research Agenda on Cyber Crime and Cyber Terrorism (CC/CT).

Using a three-level approach, COURAGE addressed research gaps by using a user-centric methodology. Thereafter, it postulatde a semantic method to propose a taxonomy of challenges, taking under consideration user requirements in critical infrastructures. At its final stages, the proposed research agenda was evaluated and tested in order to assure its applicability in accordance to end-user needs.


The purpose of COURAGE was to improve security of critical infrastructures and support crime investigators by exploring valid scenarios deriving from the research agenda.


The Research Agenda was developed in four steps:

  • A categorisation of CC/CT;
  • An in-depth analysis of end-users’ requirements and identification of research gaps;
  • A draft research agenda;
  • A validated research agenda as well as guidelines and requirements for test and evaluation


  • European Organisation for Security - Belgium
  • Nations Unies – ONU - United States
  • TNO - The Netherlands
  • West Yorkshire Police Authority - United Kingdom
  • Aconite internet solutions - Ireland
  • Conceptivity - Switzerland
  • Selex ES SPA - Italy
  • Tilburg University - The Netherlands
  • Thales - France
  • Sheffield Hallam University - United Kingdom
  • Cybercrime Research Institute Gmbh - Germany
  • FOI - Sweden
  • Ingegneria Informatica - Italy
  • Transenter - Poland
  • Institut Jozef Stefan - Slovenia
  • Fraunhofer - Germany
  • ICITA - Bulgaria
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